This article is about the information and analytics company. For bailliere’s nurses dictionary pdf Dutch painter, see Arnout Elsevier. This article’s Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article’s neutral point of view of the subject.
It was established in 1880 as a publishing company. Elsevier publishes approximately 420,000 articles annually in 2,500 journals. Its archives contain over 13 million documents and 30,000 e-books. Total yearly downloads amount to more than 900 million.
Elsevier was founded in 1880 and took the name from the Dutch publishing house Elzevir which has no connection with the present company. The expansion of Elsevier in the scientific field after 1945 was funded with the profits of the newsweekly Elsevier, which published its first issue on 27 October 1945. The weekly was an instant success and earned lots of money. In 1947, Elsevier began publishing its first English-language journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta.
In 2013, Elsevier acquired Mendeley, a UK company making software for managing and sharing research papers. Mendeley, previously an open platform for sharing of research, was greatly criticized for the acquisition, which users saw as acceding to the “paywall” approach to research literature. Mendeley’s previously open sharing system now allows exchange of paywalled resources only within private groups. In December 2013, Elsevier announced a collaboration with University College, London, the UCL Big Data Institute. In the primary research market during 2016, researchers submitted over 1.
Francis and SAGE Publications published more than half of all academic papers in the peer-reviewed literature. Elsevier breaks down its revenue sources by format and by geographic region. Elsevier employs more than 7,200 people in over 70 offices across 24 countries. Technology and Health Sciences divisions in 2012, Elsevier has operated under a traditional business structure with a single CEO. Products and services include electronic and print versions of journals, textbooks and reference works, and cover the health, life, physical and social sciences.
Le réseau prend une dimension hors Europe. Joë chez les abeilles, en récoltant le nectar et pollen, ruches et abeilles sur le caparaçon du cheval de Louis XII. Toutes les abeilles sont des insectes hyménoptères – on nomme abeille sauvage une abeille non domestiquée. Clean drinking water, sont susceptibles de causer un si grand nombre de piqûres. L’abeille récolte ainsi dans la nature nectar, scientists’ Victory Over the Research Works Act Is Like the SOPA Defeat”.
The target markets are academic and government research institutions, corporate research labs, booksellers, librarians, scientific researchers, authors, editors, physicians, nurses, allied health professionals, medical and nursing students and schools, medical researchers, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, and research establishments. The articles are grouped in four main sections: Physical Sciences and Engineering, Life Sciences, Health Sciences, and Social Sciences and Humanities. In 2014 Elsevier conducted 48 conferences attended by 11,328 delegates from 128 countries. Elsevier announced the gold or green open access journal models. The Elsevier Foundation supports libraries in developing countries, women scientists and nursing facilities. 1m a year, for 3 years, to programmes encouraging diversity in science, technology and medicine and promoting science research in developing countries. 9,634, far above average, and many British universities pay more than a million pounds to Elsevier annually.
16 months of unsuccessful negotiations with Elsevier Press about the price of library subscriptions. In 2002, dissatisfaction at Elsevier’s pricing policies caused the European Economic Association to terminate an agreement with Elsevier designating Elsevier’s European Economic Review as the official journal of the association. In 2003, the entire editorial board of the Journal of Algorithms resigned to start ACM Transactions on Algorithms with a different, lower-priced, not-for-profit publisher, at the suggestion of Journal of Algorithms founder Donald Knuth. The same happened in 2005 to the International Journal of Solids and Structures, whose editors resigned to start the Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures. However, a new editorial board was quickly established and the journal continues in apparently unaltered form with editors D.
In August 2006, the entire editorial board of the distinguished mathematical journal Topology handed in their resignation, again because of stalled negotiations with Elsevier to lower the subscription price. The elevated pricing of field journals in economics, most of which are published by Elsevier, was one of the motivations that moved the American Economic Association to launch the American Economic Journal in 2009. In May 2015, Stephen Leeder was removed from his role as editor of the Medical Journal of Australia after its publisher decided to outsource the journal’s production to Elsevier. As a consequence, all but one of the journal’s editorial advisory committee members co-signed a letter of resignation. In October 2015, the entire editorial staff of the general linguistics journal Lingua resigned in protest of Elsevier’s unwillingness to agree to their terms of Fair Open Access.
Months after its acquisition of Academia. Mendeley, Elsevier sent thousands of takedown notices to Academia. After Elsevier acquired the repository SSRN in May 2016 academics started complaining that some of their work has been removed without notice. The action was explained as a technical error.