Charles landry creative city pdf

We have found a new home! This article possibly contains original research. Landry attended the University of Texas at Austin as an industrial engineering major. He interrupted his education after a semester to serve in the United Charles landry creative city pdf Army Air Corps during World War II.

Landry was inspired to join the armed forces in honor of his brother Robert Landry, who had enlisted in the Army Air Corps after the attack on Pearl Harbor. He returned to his studies at the University of Texas in the fall of 1946. On the football team, he played fullback and defensive back on the Texas Longhorns’ bowl game winners on New Year’s Day of 1948 and 1949. Landry played in the AAFC in 1949 for the New York Yankees, then moved in 1950 across town to the New York Giants. Landry had just finished his final college football game, when Jack White, who was an assistant coach for the Yankees, took Landry aside.

He offered Landry a contract to play for New York in the AAFC. Landry’s career got off to a start after the Yankees’ starting punter was injured in the preseason, and Landry performed well in his place. Landry’s career began as a back-up to Yankees star running back Buddy Young. After the 1949 season, the AAFC folded, and the Yankees were not among the teams absorbed by the NFL. The New York Giants exercised their territorial rights and selected Landry in a dispersal draft. 9 69 5 6 97 16.

For the 1954 football season, Landry became the defensive coordinator for the Giants, opposite Vince Lombardi, who was the offensive coordinator. Landry led one of the best defensive teams in the league from 1956 to 1959. 1 record during their first season, with five or fewer wins in each of their next four. Throughout his tenure, Landry worked closely with the Cowboys general manager, Tex Schramm. The two were together during Landry’s entire tenure with the team.

A third member of the Cowboys brain trust in this time was Gil Brandt. Landry invented the now-popular “4-3 defense”, while serving as Giants defensive coordinator. Landry built the 4-3 defense around me. It revolutionized defense and opened the door for all the variations of zones and man-to-man coverage, which are used in conjunction with it today. When Landry was hired by the Dallas Cowboys, he became concerned with then Green Bay Packers Coach Vince Lombardi’s “Run to Daylight” idea, in which the running back went to an open space, rather than a specifically assigned hole.

To do this, he refined the 4-3 defense by moving two of the four linemen off the line of scrimmage one yard and varied which linemen did this based on where the Cowboys thought the offense might run. This change was called the “Flex Defense”, because it altered its alignment to counter what the offense might do. It has been said, after inventing the Flex Defense, he then invented an offense to score on it, reviving the man-in-motion and starting in the mid-1970s, the shotgun formation. But Landry’s biggest contribution in this area was the use of “preshifting” where the offense would shift from one formation to the other before the snap of the ball. Landry also was ahead of his time in his philosophy of building a team.

The same with defense: The better linemen of the 1960s were the shorter, stockier, leverage players like Willie Davis, Alex Karras and Andy Robustelli. In the days before strength and speed programs, Landry brought in Alvin Roy and Boots Garland in the early 1970s to help make the Cowboys stronger and faster. Roy was a weightlifter and Garland a college track coach. Now, every NFL team has specialty coaches. Landry also was one of the first NFL coaches to search outside the traditional college football pipeline for talent.

For example, he recruited several soccer players from Latin America, such as Efren Herrera and Rafael Septién, to compete for the job of placekicker for the Cowboys. Landry looked to the world of track and field for speedy skill-position players. Landry also was the first to employ a coach for quality control. Ermal Allen would analyze game films and chart the tendencies of the opposition for the Cowboys in the 1970s. That gave Landry an edge in preparation, because he knew what to expect from his opponent based on down and distance.

Now, every NFL team has a quality control coach, and most have two. Landry produced a very large coaching tree. In 1986, five NFL head coaches were former Landry assistants: Mike Ditka, Dan Reeves, John Mackovic, Gene Stallings, and Raymond Berry. While Tom Landry’s Cowboys are known for their two Super Bowls against Chuck Noll and the Pittsburgh Steelers, Landry also led Dallas to three other Super Bowls, and were a Bart Starr quarterback sneak away from representing the NFL in the second Super Bowl. Landry coached the Cowboys to their first Super Bowl win, defeating the Miami Dolphins 24-3, holding the Dolphins to a mere field goal. The Cowboys won their first Super Bowl a year after losing to the Baltimore Colts.