Military balance 2016 pdf

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Military balance 2016 pdf Central Military Commission of China under the Kuomintang, see Military Affairs Commission.

As Mao Zedong was also the Chairman of the Communist Party of China and led military affairs as a whole, the CMC and NDC’s day-to-day work was carried out by its first-ranking vice-chairman, a post which was occupied by Lin Biao until his death in 1971, then by Ye Jianying. Deng Xiaoping’s efforts to institutionally separate the Party and the state led to the establishment of today’s State CMC, which was created in 1982 by the Constitution of China in order to formalize the role of the military within the government structure. The Commission included the post of secretary-general until 1992. In 2016, the 5 traditional departments were dissolved by order of Chairman Xi Jinping, and in their place 15 new departments were created as part of the ongoing modernization of the PLA. Unlike in most countries, the Central Military Commission is not considered as just another ministry. Although China does have a Ministry of National Defense, headed by a Minister of National Defense, it exists solely for liaison with foreign militaries and does not have command authority. Although in theory the CMC has the highest military command authority, in reality the ultimate decision making power concerning war, armed forces, and national defense resides with the Communist Party’s Politburo.

The armed forces of China also have Joint Staff Department, the Political Work Department, the Logistics Support Department and the Equipment Development Department , which implements the directives of the Central Military Commission. The Chairman of the CMC was twice in its history held by a senior official who had given up his other posts: by Deng in the late 1980s, and by Jiang in the early 2000s. In the case of Deng Xiaoping, because of his prestige, he was able to exercise considerable power after his retirement, in part due to his holding the position of CMC Chairman. Jiang Zemin relinquished his post as Chairman of the party’s Central Military Commission in September 2004 to Hu Jintao, and from the state commission in March 2005, which appeared to solidify Hu’s position as paramount leader. In China’s state-party-military tripartite political system, the CMC itself is a decision-making body whose day-to-day affairs are not nearly as transparent as that of the Central Committee or the State Council. The Tiananmen Protests of 1989 illustrates how the Central Military Commission functions.

CMC Chairman Deng Xiaoping proposed the imposition martial law and the use of armed soldiers to suppress unarmed demonstrations in Beijing. The Library of Congress says of the two CMCs: “The state Central Military Commission was the state’s decision-making body in military affairs and directed and commanded the armed forces. Similarly, the State CMC is nominally elected by the National People’s Congress and theoretically reports to the Congress, but is in practice indistinguishable from the CPC CMC. The members are generally uniformed military commanders, except for the chairman and first vice-chairman, who have both been drawn from the Politburo in recent years. The exact internal organisation of the CMC is highly secretive. However, until 2015 it is known that the CMC contained least five key departments.

The Joint Staff Department is the nerve center of the entire Chinese military command and control system, responsible for daily administrative duties of the CMC. The General Office processes all CMC communications and documents, coordinate meetings, and convey orders and directives to other subordinate organs. Until 2016 this had been the normal organization of the two CMCs. By order of Chairman Xi Jinping, 15 departments were created to replace the 5 organs, which were disbanded. The Pinnacle of the Pyramid: The Central Military Commission, Chapter 3, p.

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