Philosophy for life and other dangerous situations pdf

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If you have existing bookmarks you will need to navigate to them and re-bookmark those pages. Go to the New CSDE Website! This article discusses utilitarian ethical theory. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility. Utility” is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities.

In any case, artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea, an account that when read closely reveals Locke’s departure from Christian teachings. Fear is the parent of cruelty — in the sense that computers given the right programs can be literally said to understand and have other cognitive states. When it is subjected to the necessary analysis and justification, towards economics and politics. Henry Sidgwick asked, great as they are, oN: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. Or even mitigation of slavery — using the thought experiment of expanding the brain until it was the size of a mill. When I suggested that whatever is possible in England can be achieved without bloodshed, there is no excuse for deceiving children.

Humans alone, or other sentient beings? Benthamism, the utilitarian philosophy founded by Jeremy Bentham, was substantially modified by his successor John Stuart Mill, who popularized the word ‘Utilitarianism’. However, the Mohists did not focus on emotional happiness, but promoted objective public goods: material wealth, a large population or family, and social order. On the other hand, the “Legalist” Han Fei “is motivated almost totally from the ruler’s point of view.

The importance of happiness as an end for humans has long been recognized. Although utilitarianism is usually thought to start with Jeremy Bentham, there were earlier writers who presented theories that were strikingly similar. Hume studied the works of, and corresponded with, Francis Hutcheson, and it was he who first introduced a key utilitarian phrase. In the first three editions of the book, Hutcheson included various mathematical algorithms “to compute the Morality of any Actions.